Orders, Decorations, Medals and Militaria (10 & 11 May 2017)

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Date of Auction: 10th & 11th May 2017

Sold for £120,000

Estimate: £10,000 - £15,000

The remarkable Second War Soviet Air Ace’s group of forty-four awarded to twice Hero of the Soviet Union, I-16 and Yak pilot, General-Colonel of Aviation A. Y. Borovykh, 728 and 157 Fighter Aviation Regiments, who was accredited with at least 32 Victories, and 14 shared enemy aircraft destroyed, accumulated over three fronts. A master exponent of the dogfight, he regularly engaged enemy formations where he was often outnumbered by at least 3 to 1, and despite this and the limitations of his aircraft, he managed to shoot down 2 enemy aircraft in one day on 7 separate occasions. He was shot down and wounded in the leg, 31 May 1943. After the war Borovykh was given the title of Distinguished Military Pilot of the USSR, and was employed as Commander-in-Chief, Air Defence 1969-77

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Gold Star Medal for a Hero of the Soviet Union, gold, reverse officially numbered ‘1077’, with 2nd type large suspension with Monetny Dvor mint mark to screwplate; Gold Star Medal for a Hero of the Soviet Union Second Award Medal, gold, reverse officially numbered ‘II 62’, with 2nd type large suspension with Monetny Dvor mint mark to screwplate; Order of Lenin, 5th type, gold, platinum, and enamel, reverse officially numbered ‘14777’, with Monetny Dvor mint mark and riband suspension; Order of Lenin, 6th type, gold, platinum, and enamel, reverse officially numbered ‘322108’, with Leningradskii Monetny Dvor mint mark and riband suspension; Order of the Red Banner, 3rd type, silver and enamel, reverse officially numbered ‘34454’, with Monetny Dvor mint mark and riband suspension; Order of the Red Banner Second Award, 3rd type, silver and enamel, reverse officially numbered ‘3119’, with Monetny Dvor mint mark and riband suspension; Order of the Red Banner Third Award, 3rd type, silver and enamel, reverse officially numbered ‘518’, with Monetny Dvor mint mark and riband suspension; Order of the Red Banner Fourth Award, 3rd type, silver and enamel, reverse officially numbered ‘766’, with Monetny Dvor mint mark and riband suspension; Order of the Red Banner Fifth Award, 3rd type, silver and enamel, reverse officially numbered ‘182’, with Monetny Dvor mint mark and riband suspension; Order of Alexander Nevsky, 3rd type, silver, silver-gilt, and enamel, reverse officially numbered ‘4002’, with Monetny Dvor mint mark and screwback suspension; Order of the Patriotic War, First Class, 3rd ‘1985 issue’ type, gold and enamel, reverse officially numbered ‘534342’, with Monetny Dvor mint mark and screwback suspension; Order of the Red Star, 2nd type, silver and enamel, reverse officially numbered ‘3385497’, with Monetny Dvor mint mark and screwback suspension; Order of the Red Star, 2nd type, silver and enamel, reverse officially numbered ‘3615287’, with Monetny Dvor mint mark and screwback suspension; Order of the Red Star, 2nd type, silver and enamel, reverse officially numbered ‘3706449’, with Monetny Dvor mint mark and screwback suspension; Order for Service to the Motherland in the Armed Forces of the Soviet Union, Third Class, silver and enamel, reverse officially numbered ‘64590’, with Monetny Dvor mint mark and screwback suspension; Medal for a Distinguished Military Pilot of the Soviet Union, silvered and gilt, with narrow suspension with Monetny Dvor mint mark to screwplate; Medal for Combat Service, 2nd type, silver and enamel, reverse unnumbered; Jubilee Medal for the 100th Anniversary of Lenin’s Birth 1970, for Military Valour reverse, gilt; Medal for Victory over Germany in the great Patriotic War 1941-45, bronze; Jubilee Medal for the 20th Anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1965, bronze; Jubilee Medal for the 30th Anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1975, combatants’ reverse, bronze; Capture of Koenigsberg Medal 1945, bronze; Capture of Berlin Medal 1945, bronze; Liberation of Warsaw Medal 1945, bronze; Medal for a Veteran of Labour, silvered; Medal for a Veteran of the Armed Forces of the Soviet Union, silvered and enamel; Medal for Strengthening Military Co-operation, gilt and enamel; Medal for the Development of Virgin Lands, gilt; Jubilee Medal for 30 Years of the Soviet Armed Forces 1948, bronze; Jubilee Medal for 40 Years of the Soviet Armed Forces 1958, bronze; Jubilee Medal for 50 Years of the Soviet Armed Forces 1968, bronze and enamel; Jubilee Medal for 60 Years of the Soviet Armed Forces 1978, bronze; Medal for 20 Years Irreproachable Service in the Armed Forces of the Soviet Union, silvered and enamel; Mongolia, People’s Republic, Order of Combatant Merit, silver-gilt and enamel, reverse officially numbered ‘2597’, with screwback suspension; Germany, Democratic Republic, Order of Merit for the Fatherland, Second Class, silver and enamel, with oak leaf and riband suspension; Poland, People’s Republic, Order of Polonia Restituta, Fifth Class breast badge, gilt and enamel, reverse dated 1944, eagle on obverse central medallion lacking crown; Poland, People’s Republic, Order of Virtuti Militari, Fifth Class breast badge, silver and enamel, with wreath suspension; Bulgaria, People’s Republic, Commemorative Medal for the 30th Anniversary of Victory over Germany 1975, bronze; Bulgaria, People’s Republic, Commemorative Medal for the 30th Anniversary of Communism 1974, bronze; Mongolia, People’s Republic, Commemorative Medal for the 50th Anniversary of the Mongol People’s Army 1971, gilt and enamel; Mongolia, People’s Republic, Commemorative Medal for the 30th Anniversary of the Victory at Chalkin Gol 1969, gilt and enamel; Mongolia, People’s Republic, Commemorative Medal for the 30th Anniversary of the Defeat of Militant Japan 1975, gilt and enamel; Czechoslovakia, People’s Republic, Medal for Strengthening Brotherhood in Arms, First Class, gilt; Czechoslovakia, People’s Republic, Commemorative Medal for the 40th Anniversary of Liberation by the Red Army 1985, bronze, mounted as worn, generally good very fine (44) £10000-15000

Footnote

Gold Star Medal for a Hero of the Soviet Union:
‘He is a fighter pilot of exceptional bravery, courage, and heroism. He has participated in fighting against German fascism since 31.12.41. From December 1941 through 18 March 1943 on the Kalinin Front he has completed 328 combat sorties. He has entered 53 aerial dogfights. In aerial combat he has displayed fearlessness and heroism, participating in 14 collective kills of enemy aircraft and Junior Lieutenant Borovykh has personally shot down 12 enemy aircraft.
1. 28.2.42 while covering our forces near Kholm he shot down one Ju-52.
2. 8.2.42 while covering our forces near Kholm, he shot down one ME-109.
3. 21.3.42 near Toropets he shot down one Ju-88 while covering the Toropets railroad station.
4. 6.4.42 while covering our forces near Kholm he shot down a Ju-52.
5. 2.7.42 while accompanying an Il-2 near Bely he shot down one Ju-88.
6. 4.7.42 near Bely-Nesterovo while covering our forces he shot down one ME-109.
7. 4.7.42 near Bely-Nesterovo he shot down a Ju-88 while covering our forces.
8. 6.7.42 near Bely while covering our forces he shot down a ME-109F.
9. 20.8.42 near Rzhev while covering the 30 Army he shot down a Ju-88.
10. 28.8.42 near Rzhev while escorting a Il-2 he shot down one Ju-88.
11. 28.8.42 while accompanying an Il-2 near Rzhev he shot down a Ju-88.
Since 8 May 1943 until present he has threatened the fascist occupiers on the Central Front. During the period 8.5.43 through 2.6.43 he has accomplished 13 combat sorties, three of which were dogfights. He personally shot down one enemy aircraft.
12. 31.5.43 near Ponyri he shot down a FW-190.


Subsequent remarks by commanding officer:
He is a fearless pilot. He loves a dogfight. He boldly enters into combat with numerically superior enemies, ending up the victor. On 28.8.42 Junior Lieutenant Borovykh in a group of four patrolling near Rzhev, met 12 ME-109s which were trying to engage our fighters and permit their bombers from bombing our forces. In a headlong attack Junior Lieutenant Borovykh’s group attacked the enemy fighters, causing them to flee. In this fight Junior Lieutenant Borovykh personally shot down a ME-109 and a Ju-88.
On 11.7.42 Borovykh participated in a dogfight in which our ten fighters repelled 30 Ju-88’s, 30 Ju-87s, and 15 ME-109s, in the process destroying seven enemy aircraft.
For unlimited dedication to the Motherland and for exhibiting bravery, courage, and valour, he is deserving of the title Hero of the Soviet Union with the accompanying Order of Lenin and the Gold Star Medal.’


Gold Star Medal for a Hero of the Soviet Union, Second Award:
‘He is a fearless fighter pilot and squadron commander. He accomplishes the command’s missions with all his being. For completing 341 combat sorties and shooting down 12 aircraft and 14 shared prior to 2.6.43 and for displaying courage and heroism during this time, he was awarded two Orders of the Red Banner and conferred the State’s highest award, the title Hero of the Soviet Union.
Since June 1943 Captain Borovykh has accomplished 96 combat sorties and engaged in 49 dogfights, personally shooting down 19 enemy aircraft including 12 FW-190s, two ME-109s, two Ju-87s, a HE-126, and a HE-111.
1. 5.7.43 He was flying on an enemy intercept mission near the Krasnoe airfield and he shot down one FW-190, that crashed near Lutovino.
2. 6.7.43 while covering ground forces near Maloarkhangelsk, he shot down two FW-190s.
3. 3.8.43 while covering our ground forces near Gostomil-Krasikovo-Mukhanovo, he shot down one FW-190 which crashed south east of Sharypino.
4. 4.8.43 while covering Kromy Bridge near Kromy he shot down one Ju-87.
5. 5.8.43 while covering the Kromy River crossing near Kolka, he shot down one Ju-87 which crashed near Kutafino.
6. 23.2.44 while covering our forces near Rogachev, Ozaryane he shot down one FW-190 which crashed north of Kostyasheva.
7. 8.3.44 while escorting PE-2s near Zhilive, he shot down one HE-126 which crashed in the forest 1km east of Vorets.
8. 28.3.44 while clearing the sky of enemy fighters near Kuskonichi, he shot down a FW-190 which crashed in the forest 3km east Slelyuka.
9. 9.5.44 while covering our forces near Duliby-Miroviche, he shot down one FW-190 which crashed 2km south east of Rasluv.
10. 20.7.44 while covering our forces near Sivka, Yanuv, Podleska, he shot down one HE-111 which crashed near Tselesnitsa.
11. 8.8.44 while on an open hunt near Garvoshin, Micho-Mazovetskii he shot down one FW-190 which crashed and burned near Kozelek-Megski.
12. 9.8.44 while on an open hunt near Varka, he shot down one FW-190 which crashed 1km east of Neimovichi.
13. 12.8.44 while covering our forces and the crossing north of the bridgehead on the far bank of the Vistula, he shot down one FW-190 which crashed in the forest east of Vzhuza.
14. 12.8.44 while covering ground forces and the crossing north of the bridgehead on the far bank of the Vistula, he shot down one FW-190 which crashed 5-6km south west of Varka.
15. 7.10.44 while covering our ground forces near Serostk, he shot down one FW-190 that crashed 2km north of Kalushin.
16. 14.10.44 while covering our ground forces near Yablonka-Legionovo he shot down one ME-109 that crashed in the forest 2km west of Khotomov.
17. 21.10.44 while flying as call-sign “Tiger” near Vulka-Zatorska, Serotsk, Zegzhe, he shot down one FW-190 which crashed near Dembe.
18. 21.10.44 while on an open hunt near Vulka-Zatorska, Serotsk, Zegzhe on radio call-sign “Tiger” he shot down one ME-109 that crashed into the earth 5km south of Naselsk.
From August 1943 through 30 October 1944 Captain Borovykh’s squadron has made 685 combat sorties and engaged in 73 aerial dogfights, in which the pilots followed the example of their hero commander and downed 51 enemy aircraft.
He capably teaches his flight personnel the difficult art of aerial combat and boldly leads them into battle, exiting as the victor with both varied and numerically superior enemy forces.
He has personally displayed the highest mastery and exceptional bravery in aerial combat for example:
23.2.44 in combat against a significantly numerically superior enemy, four Yak-1s led by Captain Borovykh in fifteen minutes of fighting shot down six enemy aircraft, one of which was personally downed by Captain Borovykh.
On 4.5.44 while covering our forces in aerial combat near Tuzhinsk, Captain Borovykh’s four Yak-1s entered into combat against 12 FW-190s and 6 ME-109s. While leading under exceptionally difficult conditions and being attacked from various sides by a numerically superior enemy, Borovykh’s four fighters displayed exceptional heroism and fearlessness by shooting down two enemy aircraft, one of which was personally killed by Captain Borovykh.
On the Warsaw axis from 8.8.1944 through 30.10.1944, Captain Borovykh personally shot down eight enemy aircraft.
For examples of heroism, bravery, and courage displayed in combat against the enemies of the Motherland and personally shooting down 31 enemy aircraft and 14 shared, Hero of the Soviet Union Captain Borovykh is deserving of the Gold Star Medal.’


Order of the Red Banner, First Award:
‘Since his arrival on the Kalinin Front, Comrade A. G. Borovykh Avramenko has made 92 combat sorties, of which:
72 were in support 3 Shock Army. 7 were ground attack missions on enemy troops and airfields. 3 were aerial interceptions and 10 various other sorties.
During his sorties, the following were destroyed: 120 enemy soldiers and officers, 19 vehicles with their loads and passengers.
From amongst an enemy eight aircraft air wing, he personally shot down one aircraft and destroyed four aircraft on the ground at an enemy airfield.
On 16.2.42 he shot down a HSh-123 near Kholm.
On 18.2.42 he shot down a HSh-126 near Kokochevo.
On 18.2.42 he shot down a HE-111 near Kholm.
On 26.2.42 he shot down a HSh-126 near Kholm.
On 28.2.42 he shot down a Ju-52 near Kokochevo.
On 3.3.42 he shot down a DO-215 near Kholm.
On 7.3.42 near Kholm he shot down a Ju-88.
On 8.3.42 he personally shot down a ME-109 near Kholm.
On 8.3.42 he shot down a Ju-52 near Kholm.
In group duelling he damaged an additional four enemy aircraft as verified by ground units and the airfield commander Senior Lieutenant Vasilyaka.
Four Ju-52 aircraft were destroyed on an enemy airfield, verified by airfield deputy commander Senior Lieutenant Ezhov and wing commander Junior Lieutenant Zimin.
In total, Comrade Borovykh has destroyed and damaged in group duels a total of 17 enemy aircraft. Since his arrival on the front, Comrade Borovykh has become a combat authority figure amongst the regiment’s personnel due to his bravery.
For excellent mission accomplishment in the struggle with German fascism and for displaying courage and bravery, Comrade Borovykh is deserving of the Order of Lenin [sic - additionally hand written in, and does not correlate with the first page of the application of the Order of the Red Banner].’


Order of the Red Banner, Second Award:
‘While on the front lines of the Patriotic War, Comrade A. E. Borovykh has made 210 combat sorties in his I-16. In combat with the fascist vultures he personally shot down five aircraft and in group aerial combat assisted with 14 enemy aircraft.
Comrade Borovykh daily makes 4-5 combat sorties. He bravely fights with the German invaders, not knowing fear. He boldly entered into combat with a numerically superior enemy on 5.7.42, seven I-16s with 25 Ju-87s and 8 ME-109s.
The enemy was driven away by him and was unable to attack our forces. On 6.7.42, ten I-16s with whom Comrade Borovykh flew, boldly attacked a group of originally 30 Ju-88s, then 30 Ju-87s accompanied by a ME-115.
In this fighting the enemy suffered seven shot-down aircraft. The I-16 group had no losses. Borovykh shot down the ME-115. On 20.8.42 six I-16s led by Comrade Borovykh and covering the 3 Shock Army met 12 Ju-88s and 8 ME-109s. Comrade Borovykh’s group repelled the enemy, shooting down two Ju-88s, one of which was shot down by Comrade Borovykh. On this day four I-16s fought with eight Ju-88s and six ME-109s. Despite the enemy’s three-to-one numerical superiority, the four I-16s did not permit the enemy to bomb our ground forces, repelling the enemy and downing one Ju-88.
Comrade Borovykh has repeatedly set the example in dog-fighting. He is deserving of the Order of the Red Banner for displaying courage and bravery in combat with the German invaders.’


Order of the Red Banner, Third Award:
‘Since the beginning of 1942 Comrade Borovykh has unceasingly waged fierce combat with the German invaders and displayed examples of courage and heroism to all the flight personnel, motivating them to heroic accomplishments in combat against the Hitlerites robber armies. He is a tactically proficient fighter pilot and quickly sizes up the vicious tactics of the enemy’s air force and always comes out on top in aerial combat. During his activity Comrade Borovykh has conducted 352 sorties in the accomplishment of combat missions. He has logged 336 hours, 40 minutes, of which 103 were combat sorties in 94 hours and eight minutes. He conducted 56 aerial dogfights against numerically superior enemies during which time he personally downed 3 ME-109s, 2 Ju-88s, and injured enemy pilots participating in combat.
In group dogfights he has shot down three HE-126s, two Ju-52s, a DO-215, five Ju-88s, one Ju-87, one HE-111, a ME-102 and a Fokke Wulf which were attacking our ground forces, except for one Ju-88 which was damaged by its own pilots. During enemy airfield strafing missions while flying in a pair and the wing, six Ju-52s were destroyed. From January through May Comrade Borovykh accomplished missions near Kholm, where the Germans were especially employing there bombing aircraft.
While among two to four I-16 aircraft, he conducted dogfights with the enemy bombers numbering from six to 25 aircraft. Despite the huge, enemy numerical superiority Comrade Borovykh and his comrades repelled the fascist bands and often downed one or two vultures.
For boldness and bravery displayed in combat with the German invaders near Kholm, Comrade Borovykh has twice received recognition from the 3 Shock Army Commander and been awarded the Order of the Red Banner.
From 2-8 July 42 Comrade Borovykh has accomplished combat missions near the city of Bely, proving himself among the boldest fighter pilots, destroying the fascist aircraft in this region, the Germans threw groups of bombers and fighters against our combat units whom were guarded by our glorious falcons.
On 6.7.42 Comrade Borovykh in a group of nine I-16s entered into aerial combat with a group of enemy aircraft consisting of Ju-88s, Ju-87s, and ME-109s.... Despite the overwhelming enemy numerical superiority the bold fighters rushed at the enemy and after the vicious fighting shot down one HE-111 and two ME-109s. In this fighting Comrade Borovykh personally shot down one ME-109 and for boldness and heroism displayed in combat near Bely, Comrade Borovykh received recognition from the commander of the Kalinin Front and was submitted for an Order of the Patriotic War I Class. From 10 August through 25.9.42 when our forces began their offensive against Rzjev, Comrade Borovykh accomplished combat missions covering the 30 Army by accompanying ground assault aircraft and bombers against the enemy. Comrade Borovykh conducted exemplary aerial combat and the destruction of fascist aircraft.
On 20 August Comrade Borovykh in a group of six I-16s conducted two aerial dogfights with 20 Ju-88s and 14 ME-109s and with bold attacks, bravery and courage, he personally downed one Ju-88 and contributed a shared killed against one Ju-88.
Having mastered a new aircraft on the front lines, the Yak-7, on 28.8.42 Comrade Borovykh in two dogfights against 14 ME-109s, personally shot down two ME-109s which were trying to attack our ground attack aircraft returning from the accomplishment of their mission. On 30 August while accompanying our ground attack aircraft Comrade Borovykh spied from the air and capably engaged a group of 10 Ju-88s and 6 ME-109s, during which Comrade Borovykh and his comrades repelled the bombers and he personally shot down a Ju-88. On 11.9.42 in a group of three Yak-7s and four I-16s while covering our forces he fought 15 Ju-87s, five Ju-88s, and 8 ME-109s. In this fight Comrade Borovykh displayed his skill and repelled the enemy bombers which were bombing our forces. For boldness, bravery, and heroism displayed near Rzhev, Comrade Borovykh is deserving of the Order of the Red Banner.’


Order of the Red Banner, Fourth Award:
‘During the Patriotic War against German fascism, he has made 315 combat sorties. In 1942 he has been in 55 dogfights in which he personally shot down 11 enemy aircraft and has 14 collective kills. For these feats Comrade Borovykh was awarded two Orders of the Red Banner in 1942.
From 9 May through July 1943 on the Central Front he has conducted 20 aerial sorties and nine dogfights. He personally shot down three FW-190s and damaged a FW-190. On 31.5.43 he and his wingmate Senior Sergeant Redkinii entered into aerial combat with a pair of FW-190s and in a talented manoeuvre he attacked one of the enemy fighters, which crashed into the ground in a fireball near Ponyri. On 6.6.43 in a dogfight of 8 Yak 7Bs against 20 FW-190s Junior Lieutenant Borovykh personally shot down two FW-190s: 1) one FW-190 while it was on the tail of Senior Sergeant Zhumaev and with three bursts the FW-190 was shot down and crashed north west of Maloarkhangelsk and 2) between Ponyri and Maloarkhangelsk at an altitude of 2000m Borovykh attacked a pair of FW-190s with the end result being one enemy aircraft flying away shredded and the other crashed south of Maloarkhangelsk.
In total Lieutenant Borovykh has 14 shot down enemy aircraft to his personal record. For exemplary mission accomplishment, bravery, and courage displayed in the struggle against the fascist invaders, Junior Lieutenant Borovykh is deserving of the Order of the Red Banner.’


Order of the Red Banner, Fifth Award:
‘He is a fearless and highly tactically efficient fighter pilot and military commander. He was twice awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet in February 1945 for 437 combat sorties, personally shooting down 31 enemy aircraft and 14 shared kills.
Since his last award Major Borovykh has made 22 combat sorties covering our ground attack and reconnaissance aircraft. While screening ground attack aircraft on the Berlin axis and in fighting for Berlin he entered three dogfights and in one, despite numerically superior enemy, personally shot down a FW-190 fighter.
While leading groups of fighters numbering from six to ten fighters covering ground attack aircraft, there was not a single loss of an IL-2 from enemy fighters and while doing this he also conducted 12 ground attacks on enemy forces.
For courage and bravery in fighting for our Motherland, for conducting 22 sorties, among which were 12 ground attack missions, and for three dogfights resulting in a downed enemy aircraft, Twice Hero of the Soviet Union Major Borovykh is deserving of the Order of the Red Banner.’


Order of Alexander Nevsky (upgraded from Order of the Patriotic War I Class):
‘He is a fearless fighter pilot and squadron commander. He selflessly accomplishes the command’s mission. During his time in the Patriotic War until 9.7.43 he has accomplished 334 combat sorties. In aerial combat he has personally shot down 15 enemy aircraft and has 14 shared kills.
For these combat feats Captain Borovykh has been granted the title Hero of the Soviet Union and awarded three Orders of the Red Banner. Since 9.7.43 Captain Borovykh has accomplished 82 combat sorties and personally shot down seven enemy aircraft. During this period, Captain Borovykh’s squadron pilots have shot down 20 enemy aircraft.
He capably teaches his flight personnel the difficult art of aerial combat and boldly leads them into combat, coming out the victor not only in even fights, but also against numerically superior enemy.
He personally displays the highest mastery and examples of courage in aerial combat, for example:
On 23.11.44 in combat against a significantly numerically superior enemy, in a 15 minute period Captain Borovykh’s two paired aircraft shot down six enemy planes, of which Captain Borovykh personally shot down a FW-190. In this masterly executed dogfight, Borovykh’s group distracted the enemy fighters, permitting our fighters to destroy the enemy bombers and deny them the opportunity to bomb our forces.
On 4.5.44 in a new sector of the front while covering our forces in aerial combat near Tuzhisk, four of Captain Borovykh’s fought.... FW-190s and six ME-109s. While fighting under exceptionally difficult conditions approached from all sides by a numerically superior enemy, Captain Borovykh’s four displayed exceptional heroism and fearlessness, killing two enemy fighters, one of which was by Captain Borovykh.
In all the dogfights led by Captain Borovykh there has not been a single loss. For exceptional mission accomplishment in which his squadron’s pilots have shot down 20 and Captain Borovykh has personally shot down seven enemy aircraft, he is deserving of the Order of the Patriotic War I Class.’


Order of the Red Star:
‘General-Colonel A. E. Borovykh, Commander of Air Defence Aviation, turns 50 on 30.10.1971. Comrade A. E. Borovykh has served in the Soviet Army since 1940.
For courage and bravery in the Great Patriotic War he was twice conferred the title Hero of the Soviet Union and awarded the Order of Lenin, five Orders of the Red Banner, and the Order of Alexander Nevsky.
Post-war he successfully commanded a division, corps, Okrug aviation sector, and Army Air Defence Forces. Since August 1969 he has been the Commander of Air Defence Aviation.
For success in leading forces in peace time he was awarded the Order of Lenin, the Order of the Red Star for long service and the honourable title ‘Distinguished Military Pilot USSR’.
For achievements on behalf of the Soviet Army and in conjunction with his 50th birthday, the Minister of Defence USSR proposes General-Colonel of Aviation Andrei Egorovich Borovykh be awarded the Order of the Red Star.’


Andrei Egorovich Borovykh was born in Kursk, in October 1921, and graduated from the Chuguev Military Aviation Pilot School in 1940. He was posted for operational flying as a Master Sergeant to 728 (Fighter Aviation Regiment) IAP, on the Kalinin Front in December 1941. Flying in I-16 aircraft he quickly became a very effective pilot, in both aerial combat and ground attack in support of 3 Shock Army. Making between four to five sorties a day, amongst destroying large amounts of vehicles and troops, he amassed 9 victories (including two in one day on two occasions) between 16 February - 8 March 1942.

Quickly advancing to the rank of Junior Lieutenant, Borovykh continued to ply his trade in and around Kholm and despite being regularly outnumbered by at least three to one he rapidly added to his score. He gained responsibility when he was appointed Wing Commander of his regiment, and he shot down another 2 aircraft in the vicinity of Kholm, before moving to combat missions on the Central Front. Operating near Bely from May, and then Rzhev from August 1942, Borovykh added another 7 victories (including two in one day on two occasions) between 2 July - 28 August 1942.

In the Soviet offensive against Rzhev, 728 were tasked with primarily providing bomber escort and cover for 30 Army. Borovykh led his formation in the newly acquired Yak-7 aircraft, and added another victory to his tally on 30 August 1942. After a short period of rest, he was posted as Junior Lieutenant, Wing Commander to 157 Fighter Aviation Regiment. He continued to fly over the Central Front, and from 9 May to the end of the first week of July 1943 he accounted for another 3 aircraft (including two in one day). The information available being limited for the differential between specific victories or shared, it is not possible to identify which are definitively which on specific dates, however, suffice to say by 9 July 1943 Borovykh had (according to official records) flown in 334 combat sorties and had accounted for 15 enemy aircraft outright and shared in the destruction of a further 14). He was shot down and wounded, having to parachute, 31 May 1943.

In July 1943 Borovykh was promoted Captain and appointed Squadron Commander of 157 Fighter Aviation Regiment. From 3 August 1943 to 30 October 1944 Borovykh’s squadron made 685 combat sorties and engaged in 73 aerial dogfights, accounting for 51 enemy aircraft. Borovykh’s personal tally for that period (encompassing ‘destroyed’ and ‘shared’ as explained above) was 16 (including two in one day on two occasions). Continuing to fly over the Warsaw Axis, Borovykh advanced to the rank of Major, and by May 1945 had been accredited with 32 victories and 14 enemy aircraft shared from well over 400 combat sorties flown (in one source recorded as 600).

After the war Borovykh graduated from the Military Air Academy in 1951, and the General Staff Academy in 1957. He was given the title of ‘Distinguished Military Pilot of the USSR’ in 1966, advanced to the rank of General-Colonel and served as Commander-in-Chief of Air Defence, 1969-1977.

As a Twice Hero of the Soviet Union, Borovykh was accorded the honour of a bronze bust being erected in his likeness at his place of birth. A fitting tribute given that he had distinguished himself so much during the Battle of Kursk. In later life he wrote two publications: New Technology, Weapons and Man and A Reliable Shield for the Motherland. He died in November 1989, and was buried in Novodevichii Cemetery, Moscow.

Sold with the following original documents and items: eight Award Booklets (including an official duplicate for the Gold Star Medal for a Hero of the Soviet Union, dated 12 March 1990), which list the following awards: Gold Star Medal for the Hero of the Soviet Union, both first and second awards; Order of Lenin, 5th type; Order of the Red Banner, first, second, third, fourth and fifth awards; Order of Alexander Nevsky, 3rd type; Order of the Patriotic War, 1st Class; Order of the Red Star, all three issues; Medal For a Distinguished Military Pilot of the Soviet Union; Medal for Combat Service and Medal for a Veteran of the Armed Forces of the Soviet Union; leather Deputy Appointments folder, complete with travel pass; two Flying Log Books, the first covering Second War service, and titled ‘Personal Flight Book of Twice Hero of the Soviet Union Major Andrei Egorovich Borovykh’ and the second titled ‘Later Personal Flight Book, Commander 233 of the Fighter Aviation Regiment, Twice Hero of the Soviet Union, Major Andrei Egorovich Borovykh’; 50th Birthday greeting document presented to the recipient and signed by General M. Beregovoy, Head of the Department of the Radio Technical Troops of the USSR; a copy of
Red Army Soldier magazine, in which the recipient is pictured under the title of ‘Heroes of the Great Patriotic War’; General H.Q. Red Army wartime map; the group sold together with an additional Czechoslovakian Medal for Strengthening Brotherhood in Arms, First Class in gilt, this unmounted. Also with a large amount of copied research, including various translations of citations and official documentation.